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Basic Questions

November 30th, 2017 Go to comments

Question 1

Explanation

Star topology is the most popular topology for the network which allows all traffic to flow through a central device.

star_topology.jpg

Question 2

Explanation

Carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) is a media access control method used most notably in early Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) technology for local area networking. When collision detection (CD) observes a collision (excess current above what it is generating, i.e. > 24 mA for coaxial Ethernet), it stops transmission immediately and instead transmits a 32-bit jam sequence.

Note: CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance) is a protocol for carrier transmission used in wireless networks. Unlike CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detect) which deals with transmissions after a collision has occurred, CSMA/CA acts to prevent collisions before they happen.

Question 3

Explanation

Each port of a router is a broadcast domain. This router has 2 ports so it has 2 broadcast domains.

Question 4

Question 5

Explanation

Ethernet frame size refers to the whole Ethernet frame, including the header and the trailer while MTU size refers only to Ethernet payload. Baby giant frames refer to Ethernet frame size up to 1600 bytes, and jumbo frame refers to Ethernet frame size up to 9216 bytes (according to this link: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/switches/catalyst-4000-series-switches/29805-175.html)

For example, standard Ethernet frame MTU is 1500 bytes. This does not include the Ethernet header and Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) trailer, which is 18 bytes in length, to make the total Ethernet frame size of 1518.

So according to strict definition, MTU size of 1600 cannot be classified as baby giant frames as the whole Ethernet frames will surely larger than 1600 -> Answer C is not correct.

Answer D is a better choice as the MTU is 1518, so the whole Ethernet frame would be 1536 (1518 + 18 Ethernet header and CRC trailer). This satisfies the requirement of baby giant frames “Baby giant frames refer to Ethernet frame size up to 1600 bytes”.

Question 6

Explanation

To understand more about TCP please read our TCP and UDP tutorial.

Note: Answer F is not correct because TCP does not require applications to determine the retranmission. TCP itself will determine if the data packets should be retransmitted or not.

Question 7

Explanation

Only router can break up broadcast domains so in the exhibit there are 2 broadcast domains: from e0 interface to the left is a broadcast domain and from e1 interface to the right is another broadcast domain -> A is correct.

Both router and switch can break up collision domains so there is only 1 collision domain on the left of the router (because hub doesn’t break up collision domain) and there are 6 collision domains on the right of the router (1 collision domain from e1 interface to the switch + 5 collision domains for 5 PCs in Production) -> F is correct.

Question 8

Explanation

Modern Ethernet networks built with switches and full-duplex connections no longer utilize CSMA/CD. CSMA/CD is only used in obsolete shared media Ethernet (which uses repeater or hub).

Question 9

Explanation

Each port of a switch is a separate collision domain. This switch uses two ports (for 5 hosts) so there are two collision domains in total.

Question 10

Explanation

At the end of each frame there is a Frame Check Sequence (FCS) field. FCS can be analyzed to determine if errors have occurred. FCS uses cyclic redundancy check (CRC) algorithm to detect errors in the transmitted frames. Before sending data, the sending host generates a CRC based on the header and data of that frame. When this frame arrives, the receiving host uses the same algorithm to generate its own CRC and compare them. If they do not match then a CRC error will occur.

Ethernet802.3_Frame_Format.jpg

Preamble is used to indicate the start of the frame by arranging the first 62 bits as alternating “1/0s” and the last two bits as “1”s. Like so, 010101010101010………………………10101011. Therefore when the receiving end sees the “11” it knows where the actual Ethernet header starts. The alternating 1s and 0s will also allow the two endpoints to sync their internal clocks. In summary, preamble is used for synchronization.

The “Type/Length” field is used to indicate the “Type”of the payload (Layer 3 protocol) which is indicated as a Hexadecimal value.

Note: Ethernet II uses “Type” while the old Ethernet version use “Length”

 

Comments (22) Comments
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    April 5th, 2018

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  15. AB
    April 13th, 2018

    @bigbuck,@annnyyy & all

    I appeared for the exam and I can assure you all (no jokes) that if you buy 9tut premium membership ($12 USD) and go through all the SIMS on right hand side of the home page, all MCQ’s starting with CCNA Lab Sim, Bassic Questions,….. all the way till Drag and Drop 4 and if you have experience in subnetting and devices (if not then i recommend just going through the CBT nuggets or simialr sort if possible – ICND1 plus ICND2) then you will PASS the exam with flying colours. No need to have prior cisco knowledge as 9tut covers and explains you all. Also try the “15 Composite Quizzes” if you have time.

    I posted previous that no need to purchase the premium membership but if you dont then the sample questions wont have either questions or answers. Also, 9tut has its own virtual simulator which is great as u dont need to always practice on packet tracer which u will need to configure spefifically for each question.

    All the best everyone !!!

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