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Switch Stacking & Chassis Aggregation

November 9th, 2017 Go to comments

Question 1

Explanation

Switch stacking technology allows the network engineer to make that stack of physical switches act like one switch. The stacking cables together make a ring between the switches. That is, the switches connect in series, with the last switch connecting again to the first.

switch_stacking.jpg

Answer B is not correct as switch stacking is about connecting switches together so that they act as one switch, not about adding and removing hosts.

Answer C is not correct because switch stacking has nothing to do with performance of high-needs applications.

Surely switch stacking provides redundancy as stacking creates a ring of connection with two opposite paths. Whenever a frame is ready for transmission onto the path, a calculation is made to see which path has the most available bandwidth. The entire frame is then copied onto this half of the path.

With switch stacking, STP, CDP and VTP would run on one switch, not multiple switches. Also there would be one MAC address table, and it would reference all ports on all physical switches so we may say switch stacking has better resource usage. Also if we consider all stacking switches as one logical switch then surely the port density is increase very much. Therefore answer D is the most suitable one.

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/switches/catalyst-3750-series-switches/prod_white_paper09186a00801b096a.html

Question 2

Explanation

Chassis aggregation is a Cisco technology to make multiple switches operate as a single switch. It is similar to stacking but meant for powerful switches (like the 6500 and 6800 series switches). Chassis aggregation is often used in the core layer and distribution layer (while switching stacking is used for access layer).

The books do not mention about the benefits of chassis aggregation but they are the same as switch stacking.

+ The stack would have a single management IP address.
+ The engineer would connect with Telnet or SSH to one switch (with that one management IP address), not multiple switches.
+ One configuration file would include all interfaces in all physical switches.
+ STP, CDP, VTP would run on one switch, not multiple switches.
+ The switch ports would appear as if all are on the same switch.
+ There would be one MAC address table, and it would reference all ports on all physical switches.

Reference: CCNA Routing and Switching ICND2 200-105 Official Cert Guide

VSS is a chassis aggregation technology but it is dedicated for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches. VSS increases operational efficiency by simplifying the network, reducing switch management overhead by at least 50 percent -> A is correct

Single point of management, IP address, and routing instance for the Cisco Catalyst 6500 virtual switch
+ Single configuration file and node to manage. Removes the need to configure redundant switches twice with identical policies.
+ Only one gateway IP address is required per VLAN, instead of the three IP addresses per VLAN used today -> C is correct while D is not correct.
+ Removes the need for Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP), Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP), and Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP)-> so maybe E is not correct.

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/switches/catalyst-6500-virtual-switching-system-1440/prod_qas0900aecd806ed74b.html

Question 3

Explanation

1:N master redundancy: Every switch in the stack can act as the master. If the current master fails, another master is elected from the stack.

1:N master redundancy allows each stack member to serve as a master, providing the highest reliability for forwarding. Each switch in the stack can serve as a master, creating a 1:N availability scheme for network control. In the unlikely event of a single unit failure, all other units continue to forward traffic and maintain operation.

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/switches/catalyst-3750-series-switches/prod_white_paper09186a00801b096a.html

Note:

N+1 simply means that there is a power backup in place should any single system component fail. The ‘N’ in this equation stands for the number of components necessary to run your system. The ‘+1’ means there is one independent backup should a component of that system fail. An example of “N+1” is your family has 5 members, so you need 5 cups to drink. But you have one extra cup for redundancy (6 cups in total) so that if any cup breaks, you still have enough cups for the family.

Question 4

Explanation

Each stack has only one configuration file, which is distributed to each member in the stack. This allows each switch in the stack to share the same network topology, MAC address, and routing information. In addition, it allows for any member to become the master, if the master ever fails -> Answer D is correct while answer A is not correct.

Switches can be added and deleted to a working stack without affecting stack performance. When a new switch is added, the master switch automatically configures the unit with the currently running Cisco IOS Software image and configuration of the stack. The stack will gather information such as switching table information and update the MAC tables as new addresses are learned. The network manager does not have to do anything to bring up the switch before it is ready to operate. Similarly, switches can be removed from a working stack without any operational effect on the remaining switches. When the stack discovers that a series of ports is no longer present, it will update this information without affecting forwarding or routing. A working stack can accept new members or delete old ones without service interruption -> Answer B is correct.

Reference: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/switches/catalyst-3750-series-switches/prod_white_paper09186a00801b096a.html

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    Question 2
    Which two options describe benefits of aggregated chassis technology? (Choose two)
    A. It reduces management overhead
    B. Switches can be located anywhere regardless of there physical location
    C. It requires only one IP address per VLAN
    D. It requires only three IP addresses per VLAN
    E. It supports HSRP VRRP GLBP F. It support redundant configuration files

    Answers.. A,B

    VSS is a chassis aggregation technology but it is dedicated for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches. VSS increases operational efficiency by simplifying the network, reducing switch management overhead by at least 50 percent -> A is correct

    Flexible deployment options. The underlying physical switches do not have to be colocated. The two physical switches are connected with standard 10 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces and as such can be located any distance based on the distance limitation of the chosen 10 Gigabit Ethernet optics. For example, with X2-10GB-ER 10 Gigabit Ethernet optics, the switches can be located up to 40 km apart. -> B is also correct

    C is a requirement, not a benefit

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